Democracy, borders and the Inclusion of Others

Last night we watched CLIMATE: Make it Work in The Hague. In the discussion afterwards we talked about many different subjects and tried to exchange references to the subjects we discussed. The following list gives an overview of the topics we discussed and includes references to the concernced topics.

We discussed different forms of structuring the political debate. See Fung and Mansbrigdge et al. for nice overviews of how current democratic democrats try to include all relevant participants in practice, and whether you should focus on local innovations or the system as a whole. See Urbinati and Warren for a very good(!) overview of democratic theory in general.

  • Fung, Archon. “Survey Article: Recipes for Public Spheres: Eight Institutional Design Choices and Their Consequences.” Journal of Political Philosophy 11, no. 3 (September 1, 2003): 338–67.
  • Mansbridge, Jane, Simone Chambers, Thomas Christiano, Archon Fung, John Parkinson, Dennis F. Thompson, and Mark E. Warren. “A Systematic Approach to Deliberative Democracy.” In Deliberative Systems: Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale, edited by John Parkinson and Mansbridge, Jane, 1–26. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Urbinati, Nadia, and Mark E. Warren. “The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 11, no. 1 (2008): 387–412.

For critique on deliberative democracy and proposals for other forms of inclusion. See:

  • Gould, Carol C. “Diversity and Democracy: Representing Differences.” In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Benhabib Seyla, 171–86. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.
  • Honig, Bonnie. “Difference, Dilemmas, and the Politics of Home.” In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Benhabib Seyla, 257–77. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.
  • Mouffe, Chantal. “Democratic Politics and the Dynamics of Passions.” In The Ashgate Research Companion to the Politics of Democratization in Europe: Concepts and Histories, edited by Tuija Pulkkinen and José Maria Rosales, 89–100. Farnham: Ashgate, 2008.
  • ———. On the Political. Thinking in Action. London etc: Routledge, 2005.
  • Young, Iris Marion. “Communication and the Other: Beyond Deliberative Democracy.” In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Seyla Benhabib, 120–35. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

On the democratic boundary problem:

  • Näsström, Sofia. “The Legitimacy of the People.” Political Theory 35, no. 5 (2007): 624–58.
  • Verschoor, Marco. “The Quest for the Legitimacy of the People: A Contractarian Approach.” Politics, Philosophy & Economics 14, no. 4 (2015): 391–428.

On borders and mandatory citizenship see the list below. Carens is pro open borders and Miller sceptical. If you are looking for something less philosophical I recommend the bundel of Pécoud.

  • Carens, Jospeh. “Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders.” Review of Politics 49, no. 3 (n.d.): 251–73.
  • De Schutter, Helder, and Lea Ypi. “The British Academy Brian Barry Prize Essay: Mandatory Citizenship for Immigrants.” British Journal of Political Science 45, no. 2 (2015): 235–51.
  • Hosein, Adam. “Immigration and Freedom of Movement.” Ethics & Global Politics, 2013.
  • Miller, David. “Immigration: The Case for Limits.” In Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, 193–206. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.
  • Pevnick, Ryan. “Social Trust and the Ethics of Immigration Policy.” Journal of Political Philosophy 17, no. 2 (2009): 146–67.
  • Pécoud, Antoine, and P. F. A. de Guchteneire. Migration without Borders: Essays on the Free Movement of People. Paris; New York: UNESCO Pub. ; Berghahn Books, 2007.

Other input:

Finally, we discussed the problems surrounding political/philosophical activism.I found that an interesting and important topics to be discussed and maybe even worth spending a complete session on. What do you as fellow Latourists think about that? It could be a manner to answer the question What now? we probably still left with after our session in June.

As always, please comment and add your own thoughts and references. Almost all references are quite easy to access if you know where to look for online. Trouble finding literature? Contact me!

One thought on “Democracy, borders and the Inclusion of Others

  1. More recommendations.

    -A series of short animations made by three humans and a cat:

    “Bendito Machine is a series of simple-minded organisms and their dazed relation with machines. Gentle creatures that survive in a state of perpetual dependence, where artifacts mark the passage of a glorious future.
    Everything you need is the spark of life, obey his commands, fuel the machines and pull the trigger…”

    -In June, radical democrat Chantal Mouffe will be in Amsterdam to discuss contemporary democracy with theatre makers. See:

    – This might be interesting since it seemingly combines cosmopolitical theory and (Marxist?) activism: Ypi, L. (2012). Global Justice and Avant-Garde Political Agency. OUP Oxford. See:


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